For those fortunate to be born in April, the most prized gemstone of all is their birthstone. For this month, diamonds truly are a girl’s (or a boy’s) best friend. Diamonds are among nature’s most precious and beautiful creations.
Diamonds have many positive mystical attributes and healing properties. The diamond is associated with activating the seventh chakra, Sahasrara, uniting the mind with the body. While a diamond is regarded as the strongest precious stone, it is also regarded as a stone of exceptional power as it’s able to reach into us and open many spiritual doors. This is perhaps why diamonds represent truth. They also symbolize perfection because of their indestructibility.
Throughout time, diamonds have been thought to improve the wearer’s life in many ways, specifically by bringing clarity (perhaps related to the clarity of the stone itself) into the wearer’s mind and life. This clarity presents clear, positive resolutions to all problems.
Diamonds are not native to Earth's surface. Instead they form at high temperatures and pressures that occur in Earth's mantle about 100 miles below Earth's surface.
Most of the diamonds that have been discovered were delivered to Earth's surface by deep-source volcanic eruptions. These eruptions begin in the mantle, and on their way up they tear out pieces of mantle rock and deliver them to Earth's surface without melting. These blocks from the mantle are known as xenoliths. They contain diamonds that were formed at the high temperature and pressure conditions of the mantle.
People produce diamonds by mining the rock that contains the xenoliths or by mining the soils and sediments that formed as the diamond-bearing rocks weathered away.
The world's biggest diamond depends upon your definition of 'world'. In fact the biggest diamond ever discovered was found floating in space at the core of a dead star. It is 2,500 miles wide and weighs 10 million trillion trillion carats, but at a distance of 50 light years from the Earth, it may be a little inaccessible to count for our purposes.
Why We Love This Gemstone...
Global Language - The 4Cs, created by GIA, are considered the global language of diamond quality.
Carbon - Diamond is the only gem composed of one single element: carbon.
Billion Years - Most diamonds formed more than a billion years ago, deep in the earth’s mantle.