Citrine is one of two birthstones for those born in November, the other being Topaz. Citrine is associated with the values of hope, cheerfulness and youth, and is said to carry the power of the sun. Citrine signifies vitality and health, and encourages hope, energy and warmth within the wearer. Citrine’s popularity is due to its colour, availability and affordability.
In the Zodiac, citrine is the gemstone for those born under the sign of Cancer in early summer. Citrine is regarded as The Merchant’s Stone, and is said to attract cash flow, wealth, success and good fortune to the wearer. It also encourages generosity and sharing good fortune.
Ancient Greeks and Romans used citrine in their jewellery, some of which were in the form of intricate intaglio work.
Citrine increased in popularity in the Art Deco period (1920’s-1940’s), with many prominent Hollywood starlets adopting the trend, including Greta Garbo and Joan Crawford who wore elaborate oversized citrine Art Deco jewellery pieces.
Some of the most recognised jewellery made using citrine was by Suzanne Belperron, who famously created intricate Citrine Pineapple Clip earrings, which sold for $63,600.
Citrine is a warm coloured gemstone, presenting in yellow, gold, orange brown and red shades of transparent quartz. The highest quality of citrine is pure yellow, due to the amount of iron present.
Brazil is the location of the richest and greatest quality deposit of natural citrine. Other locations include Argentina, Madagascar, Myanmar (Burma), Russia, Scotland and Spain.
The name citrine comes from the French word, ‘citron’, meaning lemon. In ancient times, citrine was carried as a protection against evil thoughts. It was used in jewellery in Greece dating back to 300 BC, however was sometimes mistaken for Topaz due to their similarity in colour and clarity.
Fun FactsCitrine is the accepted gemstone for 13th and 17th wedding anniversaries. In ancient legend, citrine is reputed to make men handsome and intelligent, and sterile women fertile and happy.